Laparoscopy – Minimally Invasive Surgery
Laparoscopic Surgery, also referred to as minimally invasive surgery (MIS), is a modern surgical technique in which operations in the abdomen or chest are performed through small incisions, as opposed to the larger incisions used in traditional surgical techniques (open surgery).
Advantages of Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy can be less stressful for the patient and can often be done without needing to stay overnight in the hospital. There are a number of advantages to laparoscopic surgery versus a traditional open procedure:
- Shorter hospital stay – Depending on the kind of surgery, patients may be able to return home a few hours after the operation, or after a brief stay in the hospital.
- Reduced recovery time and less scarring – The smaller incisions used in laparoscopy reduces pain and shortens recovery time so patients can go home sooner. There’s also generally less post-operative scarring as compared to traditional open surgery.
- Little to no pain medication needed – The amount of discomfort varies with the kind of surgery, but in most cases patients feel little soreness from the incisions, which heal within a few days. Most need little or no pain medication.
Some conditions treated with laparoscopic surgery include:
- Abdominal cavity tumors
- Diagnostic; Pain of unknown causes in the abdominal or pelvic area
- Gallbladder disease and gallstones
Dr. Reyes and the staff at Gleneagles Surgery will help you understand the surgical options available to you and help you decide on the best and most effective treatment plan for you.
How Laparoscopic Surgery Is Done
During laparoscopy, a small incision is made in the belly, though more than one incision may be made if other tools will be used during the surgery. A hollow needle is then put through the first incision and gas (carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide) is slowly put through the needle to inflate the belly. The gas lifts the abdominal wall away from the organs inside so your doctor can see clearly.
A thin, lighted tube (laparoscope) is then put through the incision to look at the organs. Other tools can be used to take tissue samples, fix damage, or drain cysts. A laser may also be attached to the laparoscope to help with the surgery.
After the surgery, all the tools will be removed and the gas will be released. The incisions will be closed with stitches and covered with a bandage. The scar will be very small and will fade over time.